The $86 Trillion World Economy in One Chart
The world economy is in a never-ending state of flux.
The fact is that billions of variables — both big and small — factor into any calculation of overall economic productivity, and these inputs are changing all of the time.
Buying this week’s groceries or filling up your car with gas may seem like a rounding error when we are talking about trillions of dollars, but every microeconomic decision or set of preferences can add up in aggregate.
And as consumer preferences, technology, trade relationships, interest rates, and currency valuations change — so does the final composition of the world’s $86 trillion economy.
Today’s visualization comes to us from HowMuch.net, and it charts the most recent composition of the global economic landscape.
It should be noted that the diagram uses nominal GDP to measure economic output, which is different than using GDP adjusted for purchasing power parity (PPP). The data in the diagram and table below come from the World Bank’s latest update, published in July 2019.
The Top 15 Economies, by GDP
|Rank||Country||GDP (Nominal, USD)||Share of World Total (%)|
|#1||?? United States||$20.49 trillion||23.89%|
|#2||?? China||$13.61 trillion||15.86%|
|#3||?? Japan||$4.97 trillion||5.79%|
|#4||?? Germany||$4.00 trillion||4.66%|
|#5||?? United Kingdom||$2.83 trillion||3.29%|
|#6||?? France||$2.78 trillion||3.24%|
|#7||?? India||$2.73 trillion||3.18%|
|#8||?? Italy||$2.07 trillion||2.42%|
|#9||?? Brazil||$1.87 trillion||2.18%|
|#10||?? Canada||$1.71 trillion||1.99%|
|#11||?? Russian Federation||$1.66 trillion||1.93%|
|#12||?? Korea, Rep.||$1.62 trillion||1.89%|
|#13||?? Australia||$1.43 trillion||1.67%|
|#14||?? Spain||$1.43 trillion||1.66%|
|#15||?? Mexico||$1.22 trillion||1.43%|
The above 15 economies represent a whopping 75% of total global GDP, which added up to $85.8 trillion in 2018 according to the World Bank.
Most interestingly, the gap between China and the United States is narrowing — and in nominal terms, China’s economy is now 66.4% the size.
The World Bank also provides a regional breakdown of global GDP, which we helps to give additional perspective:
|Rank||Geographic Region||GDP (Nominal, USD)||Global Share|
|World Total||$85.8 trillion||100.0%|
|#1||East Asia & Pacific||$25.9 trillion||30.2%|
|#2||Europe & Central Asia||$23.0 trillion||26.8%|
|#3||North America||$22.2 trillion||25.9%|
|#4||Latin America & Caribbean||$5.8 trillion||6.8%|
|#5||Middle East & North Africa||$3.6 trillion||4.2%|
|#6||South Asia||$3.5 trillion||4.1%|
|#7||Sub-Saharan Africa||$1.7 trillion||2.0%|
5:34 am November 4, 2019
Atieh Pasargad Amethyst International Trade Company
Address: Old Qom kashan Road – Omid Stone City – Qom – Iran
Ali Shafiei – CMO » Ali@pasargadstone.com
Hossein Shafiei – CEO » Hossein@pasargadstone.com
(+98) 912 553 5362
Ali Shafiei – CMO
Chief Marketing Officer
(+98) 912 251 8055
Hossein Shafiei – CEO
Chief Executive Officer